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An Overview of Hot Rolling Clad Head

Feb. 14, 2023

To produce clad heads, manufacturers use various methods, including explosion bonding, roll bonding, and hot rolling. Hot rolling is a widely used technique that involves the use of high temperatures and pressure to bond two or more materials together. In the manufacturing industry, clad heads are commonly used in various applications, including pressure vessels, heat exchangers, and distillation columns. Clad heads are essentially metal components that are composed of two or more layers of different materials. The outer layer, or cladding, is usually made of a corrosion-resistant alloy, while the inner layer, or backing material, is typically a carbon or low-alloy steel. The cladding layer protects the inner layer from corrosive environments, while the backing material provides structural support.

In this article, we will explore the process of hot rolling clad heads, its benefits, and its applications.

Clad Head For Pressure Vessels

Clad head for pressure vessels

The Hot Rolling Clad Head Process

The hot rolling clad head process involves several stages. First, the cladding material, usually a nickel or titanium alloy, is formed into a plate or sheet. The backing material, typically a low-alloy steel, is also formed into a plate or sheet. The two materials are then cleaned to remove any surface impurities, such as oxides, grease, or dirt.

Next, the two materials are heated to a temperature above their recrystallization temperature. This temperature varies depending on the specific materials being used, but it is typically around 1100-1200°C. The materials are then brought together and passed through a set of rollers. The rollers apply pressure to the materials, forcing them to bond together. The pressure and heat cause the materials to deform, which results in a bond between the cladding and backing materials.

After the materials have been bonded together, the plate or sheet is then rolled to the desired thickness. This is achieved by passing the material through a series of rollers, each of which reduces the thickness of the plate or sheet. The final thickness of the clad head is determined by the specific application it will be used for.

Benefits of Hot Rolling Clad Heads

Hot rolling is a popular method for producing clad heads for several reasons. First, it allows for the production of large-sized clad plates and sheets, which can be challenging to achieve with other methods. Second, hot rolling provides a strong and metallurgically bonded joint between the cladding and backing materials. This bond is critical in ensuring the performance and durability of the clad head.

In addition, hot rolling can produce a wide range of clad heads with different thicknesses, shapes, and sizes. This flexibility allows manufacturers to tailor their products to meet the specific needs of their customers. Hot rolling also provides a cost-effective method for producing clad heads, as it requires fewer steps than other bonding methods.

Applications of Hot Rolling Clad Heads

Hot rolling clad heads have numerous applications in various industries. For example, they are commonly used in the oil and gas industry to produce pressure vessels and heat exchangers. These components are used to transport and process oil and gas, and they must be able to withstand harsh environments and high pressures.

Clad heads are also used in the chemical industry, where they are used to produce distillation columns, reactors, and other equipment. These components are used to process chemicals and must be able to withstand the corrosive nature of many chemicals.


Hot rolling clad heads are an important component in various industries. The hot rolling process provides a cost-effective, flexible, and efficient method for producing clad heads with strong and durable bonds between the cladding and backing materials. This technique allows manufacturers to tailor their products to meet the specific needs of their customers, and it has numerous applications in the oil and gas, chemical, and other industries.

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